Jack St. Clair Kilby solved the "tyranny of numbers" problem with the integrated circuit | 150 Engage Illinois Office of Corporate Relations
Celebrating our Sesquicentennial 1867-2017
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John Bardeen’s transitor enabled engineers to design larger and more complex circuits, which in turn introduced a new problem: how to interconnect huge numbers of discrete components economically and reliably. Working at Texas Instruments in 1958, Jack St. Clair Kilby (BSEE ‘47) solved this problem (called the “tyranny of numbers”) with the integrated circuit (IC or microchip). Behind the IC lay the “monolithic idea” of combining circuit components on a solid slab of semiconducting material. Kilby’s invention changed the world. The IC essentially created the modern computer and telecommunications industries and is a key component in most of today’s electronic products. For his invention, Kilby won the Nobel Prize in physics in 2000.

Dates: 
Jan 01, 1958
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Jack St. Clair Kilby solved the "tyranny of numbers" problem with the integrated circuit
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